This meal, our Passover meal, is called a seder, which means “order” in Hebrew. We go through 14 specific steps as we retell the story of our ancestors’ liberation from slavery in Egypt. This is the story of the creation of jeudaism and it's covenant. Many more liberal jews have built upon the telling of the liberation of the Israelites from Egypt and will use it as a jumping of point to talk about those around the world in slavery and who are oppressed. Passover is also a spring festival celebrating renewal.
Some people like to begin their seder by reciting or singing the names of the 14 steps – this will help you keep track of how far away the main course is!
קַדֵּשׁ Kiddush (the blessing over wine) | kadeish |
וּרְחַץ Ritual hand-washing in preparation for the seder | urchatz |
כַּרְפַּס Dipping a green vegetable in salt water| karpas |
יַחַץ Breaking the middle matzah | yachatz |
מַגִּיד Telling the story of Passover | magid |
רָחְצָה Ritual hand-washing in preparation for the meal | rachtza |
מוֹצִיא מַצָּה The blessing over the meal and matzah | motzi matzah |
מָרוֹר Dipping the bitter herb in sweet charoset | maror |
כּוֹרֵךְ Eating a sandwich of matzah and bitter herb | koreich |
שֻׁלְחָן עוֹרֵךְ Eating the meal! | shulchan oreich |
צָפוּן Finding and eating the Afikomen | tzafoon |
בָּרֵךְ Saying grace after the meal and inviting Elijah the Prophet | bareich |
הַלֵּל Singing songs that praise God | hallel |
נִרְצָה Ending the seder and thinking about the future | nirtzah |
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