As we rejoice at the Israelites’ deliverance from slavery, we acknowledge this freedom was hard-earned. We regret that freedom came at the cost of others’ suffering, for we are all made in the image of God. Therefore, we take away just a little bit of our joy of wine by placing a drop of it on our plates as we recite each of the Ten Plagues.
Dip a finger or a spoon into your wine glass to get a drop for each plague.
דָּם dam Blood
צְפַרְדֵּֽעַ tzfardeiya Frogs
כִּנִּים kinim Lice
עָרוֹב arov Beasts
דֶּֽבֶר dever Cattle disease
שְׁחִין sh’chin Boils
בָּרָד barad Hail
אַרְבֶּה arbeh Locusts
חֹֽשֶׁךְ choshech Darkness
מַכַּת בְּכוֹרוֹת makat b’chorot Death of the firstborn
The Ten Plagues wreaked havoc on the country of Egypt and all its inhabitants, including the mighty Pharaoh. They ruined livestock and agriculture, water and health, staples in ancient society as well as today. While the plagues in our story have a clear message and purpose, they are still often things that plague our world today. What else might you add to this list? What are the plagues of our day? What work can we do to rid our world of them?
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