The traditional Passover (also known as "Pesach") Seder , which means “order” in Hebrew, begins on Erev Pesach -- that is, before sundown -- during the first full moon in the first month of the lunar year. It is an eight-day springtime holiday that usually occurs in March or April on our modern Gregorian calendar.
The Passover meal is called a Seder because we go through 14 specific steps -- in a specific "order" -- as we retell the story of the Jews liberation from slavery in Egypt.
Let’s begin our Seder by reciting the names of the 14 steps:
Kiddush (the blessing over wine) | kadesh |קַדֵּשׁ
Ritual hand-washing in preparation for the Seder | urchatz |וּרְחַץ
Dipping a green vegetable in salt water| karpas |כַּרְפַּס
Breaking the middle matzoh | yachatz |יַחַץ
Telling the story of Passover and Miriam's Cup| magid |מַגִּיד
Ritual hand-washing in preparation for the meal | rachtza |רָחְצָה
The blessing over the meal and matzoh | motzi matzah |מוֹצִיא מַצָּה
Dipping the bitter herb in sweet charoset | maror |מָרוֹר
Eating a sandwich of matzoh and bitter herb | korech |כּוֹרֵךְ
Eating the meal | shulchan oreich |שֻׁלְחָן עוֹרֵךְ
Finding and eating the afikomen | tzafoon |צָפוּן
Giving thanks and inviting Elijah the Prophet | barech |בָּרֵךְ
Singing songs of gratitude | hallel |הַלֵּל
Ending the Seder | nirtzah |נִרְצָה
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