The Haggadah ('telling' in Hebrew), is the book that serves as a guide to the Seder. It comes in many ‘flavors’ to respond to different needs, historical circumstances and to many different people.


The Passover Seder is one of the most important celebrations on the Jewish calendar. Seders also have a universal appeal because of the values being celebrated: freedom, striving against oppression, and the enhancing of liberty for all. These values are a source of inspiration for people fighting against their own oppression. There are 15 historical parts to the Seder, and many Seders are several hours long (don't worry, this one will not be!)

The parts of the Seder involve the use of certain symbolic foods.

P'RI HA-GAPHEN "the fruit of the vine" - wine or grape juice (4 glasses...but if you are driving 4 sips is fine!)

MATZAH: unleavened bread

MAROR: a bitter herb (horseradish, green onion, or romaine lettuce)

KARPAS: parsley or celery

Z'ROA: an animal bone or a beet [New tradition: Blood orange!]

BEITSAH: an egg, hard-boiled then roasted

HAROSET: a condiment made from fruits, nuts, spices, and wine

TAPPUZ: an orange is a recent addition to the traditional Seder and represents the inclusion of all in this faith and community.

haggadah Section: Introduction