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Source :
Pesach Coloring Page

Order of the Seder

Our Passover meal is called a seder, which means “order” in Hebrew, because we go through specific steps as we retell the story of our ancestors’ liberation from slavery. Some people like to begin their seder by reciting or singing the names of the 14 steps—this will help you keep track of how far away the meal is!



Passover, or Pesach, is an annual festival, which falls on the 14th of Nissan, the first month of the Hebrew calendar. It commemorates the night that the firstborn sons of Israel were spared from death and the subsequent freedom from slavery and exodus from Egypt. It also commemorates the sacrifice of Yehoshua, our passover lamb. As he said, "This do in remembrance of me."

Reader 1:

Passover also marks the beginning of the feast of unleavened bread, which lasts for the next week. During the feast of unleavened bread, only unleavened bread, or matzah, may be allowed in one's house. Therefore, before Passover begins, all leavened bread products must be searched out and removed. Hence the tradition of "Spring Cleaning."

Reader 2:

Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 1 Corinthians 5:7-8

Reader 3/Candle Lighter:

Traditionally, the eldest woman of the household begins the Pasover seder by lighting the two candles. She waves her hands over the flames 3 times, bringing the light to her face, in remembrance of Moses' desire to see God's glory. Then she covers her eyes, as Moses was hid from the face of God in the rock, and recites the blessing with those gathered.

     All: Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us by Your commandments, and commanded us to be a light to the nations, and gave us Yehoshua our messiah, the Passover lamb.


All: Fill gla sses with wine or grape juice (don't drink yet!)

Reader 1:

Over the course of the Seder we drink 4 cups of wine (or grape juice). This is traditionally done to commemorate the four promises Yahuah made to the people of Israel in Exodus 6:7-6; 1. “I will take you out…” 2. “I will save you…” 3. “I will redeem you…” 4. “I will take you as a nation…”.

Reader 2:

It may have been this first cup of which it is recorded that our Messiah Yehoshua “took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

“For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.” (Luke 22:17–18.)


Baruch atah Adonai, Elohenu Melech haolam, borei p'ri hagafen.


Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.


Baruch atah, Adonai Eloheinu, Melech haolam, shehecheyanu v’kiy’manu v’higianu laz’man hazeh.


Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe, for giving us life, for sustaining us, and for enabling us to reach this season.


Drink the first glass of wine or grape juice!



It is traditional to wash hands at this time. However, as our Messiah Yehoshua said, "It is not what enters into the mouth which defiles man; but what goes out of the mouth, that is what defiles man," by which he explained why his disciples did not perform this tradition. Therefore, as followers of Yehoshua, we will forgo this tradition.

Source : Traditional

Take less than a kezayit (the volume of one olive) of the karpas, dip it into salt-water, and recite the following blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה

Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha’olam, borei p’ri ha’adamah.

Blessed are You, Lord, our God, Ruler of the universe, who creates the fruit of the earth.



Host: These three matzot are wrapped together for Passover. Rabbis call these three a unity, or echad. Some consider it a unity of the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. We who know Messiah see in this symbol the unique tri-unity of our God: Father, Son, Holy Spirit. In the matzah, we see a picture of Messiah.    See how it is striped.

All: “But He was wounded for our crimes, crushed because of our sin; the chastening which makes us whole fell upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:5).

Host:  See how it is pierced.

All: My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs; an evil gang closes in on me. They have pierced my hands and feet. (Psalm 22:16)

But He was pierced for our rebellion, crushed for our sins. He was beaten so we could be whole. He was whipped so we could be healed. (Isaiah 53:5, I Corinthians 15:3, I Peter 2:24)

Host: (Removing and breaking the middle matzah).

Just as the middle piece is broken, Messiah was afflicted and broken. One half is now called the afikomen or the “coming One.”  It is wrapped in a white cloth just as Messiah’s body was wrapped for burial. The afikomen will now be hidden in a special place. Yeshua’s body was placed in a tomb, hidden for a time. But just as the afikomen will return to complete our seder, so the sinless Messiah Who rose from the dead and ascended into heaven will return soon to complete His plan of redemption.

All:  For these things took place in order that Scripture might be fulfilled: ….they will look on Him whom they have pierced and they shall mourn for Him…and weep bitterly over Him….” (Zechariah 12:10, John 19:34-37)

For our sake God made Him Who knew no sin to be a sin offering on our behalf in order that we may become the righteousness of God in Him.  2 Corinthians 5:21

No sin, no leaven, no yeast - yet He Rises perfectly!

(Hide afikomen).

Maggid - Beginning
Maggid - Beginning
Source : Traditional

Maggid – Beginning


Raise the tray with the matzot and say:

הָא לַחְמָא עַנְיָא דִי אֲכָלוּ אַבְהָתָנָא בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם. כָּל דִכְפִין יֵיתֵי וְיֵיכֹל, כָּל דִצְרִיךְ יֵיתֵי וְיִפְסַח. הָשַׁתָּא הָכָא, לְשָׁנָה הַבָּאָה בְּאַרְעָא דְיִשְׂרָאֵל. הָשַׁתָּא עַבְדֵי, לְשָׁנָה הַבָּאָה בְּנֵי חוֹרִין.

Ha lachma anya dee achalu avhatana b'ara d'meetzrayeem. Kol deechfeen yeitei v'yeichol, kol deetzreech yeitei v'yeefsach. Hashata hacha, l'shanah haba-ah b'ara d'yisra-el. Hashata avdei, l'shanah haba-ah b'nei choreen.

This is the bread of affliction, which our ancestors ate in the land of Egypt. Let all who are hungry come and eat. Let all who are in need, come and share the Pesach meal. This year, we are here. Next year, in the land of Israel. This year, we are slaves. Next year, we will be free.

Refill the wine cups, but don’t drink yet.

-- Four Questions

Spouse or Child:

“Why is this night different from all other nights?

Why on all nights, do we need not dip even once, but on this night we do so twice!

Why on all nights do we eat chametz or matzah, but on this night only matzah.

Why on all nights do we eat any kind of vegetables, but on this night maror!

Why on all nights do we eat sitting upright or reclining, but on this night we all recline!”


“We eat only matzah because our ancestors could not wait for their breads to rise when they were fleeing slavery in Egypt, and so they were flat when they came out of the oven.

We eat only maror, a bitter herb, to remind us of the bitterness of slavery that our ancestors endured while in Egypt.

The first dip, vegetables in salt water, symbolizes the replacing of our tears with gratitude, and the second dip, maror in charoset, symbolizes the sweetening of our burden of bitterness and suffering.

We recline at the seder table because in ancient times, a person that reclined at a meal was a free person, while slaves and servants stood."

-- Four Children


Blessed is the Omnipresent One, blessed be He! Blessed is He who gave the Torah to His people Israel, blessed be He! The Torah speaks of four children: One is wise, one is wicked, one is simple and one does not know how to ask.

The wise one, what does he say?

Reader 1 (in a wise voice) :

"What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes and the laws which the Lord, our God, has commanded you?" (Deut 6:20)


How should you answer the wise child?

Reader 2:

"We were Pharaoh's bondmen in Egypt; and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand: And the Lord showed signs and wonders, great and sore upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his household, before our eyes: And he brought us out from there, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which he swore to our fathers. And the Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as it is at this day. And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the Lord our God as He hath commanded us." (Deut 6:21-25)


The wicked one, what does he say?

Reader 3 (in a wicked voice):

"What is this service to you?" (Ex 12:26)


He says 'to you', but not 'to him'! He thus excludes himself from the community and denies God.

How should you answer the wicked child?

Reader 2:

"It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses." (Ex 12:27)


Our houses but not his. He would not have been redeemed.

The simple one, what does he say?

Reader 4 (in a simple voice):

"What is this?" (Ex 13:14)


How should you answer the simple child?

Reader 2:

"With a strong hand the Lord took us out of Egypt, from the house of slaves. And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the Lord slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all male firstborn, but the firstborn of my children I redeem." (Ex 13:14-15)


As for the one who does not know how to ask, you must initiate. But what should you say to him?

Reader 2:

"This is done because of that which the Lord did to me when I came out of Egypt." (Ex 13:8)

-- Exodus Story
Source : Original

Here is a kid and adult friendly alternative to for the Maggid section (the Passover story section) of the Haggadah. This short play is in the style of "sedra scenes" -- a contemporary take which makes the story current but stays true to the Exodus narrative. I've written it for large crowds -- so there are 13 parts, but if you have a smaller gathering you can easily double up. 

For more Passover resources, check out


A short play for the seder


By Rabbi Daniel Brenner



NARRATOR: Our story begins in the land of Egypt where Joseph, once a prisoner, is now the Pharaoh’s chief advisor.


JOSEPH: So how are things back in Israel?


BENJAMIN: Oy! Terrible. Our gardens and crops are dying. There is no rain this year. That is why we had to come down to Egypt!


JOSEPH: Well, don’t in Egypt is fantastic. Playstation 3 in every house, High Definition Television, Lincoln Navigators in the driveway, This is the most powerful nation on the planet!


BENJAMIN: Did you have rain this year? Are the gardens and crops doing well?


JOSEPH: We don’t have to worry about that. I’ve stored away tons of food in giant warehouses. The Pharaoh will be able to feed the people for three years at least, even if we get no rain.


BENJAMIN: What does the Pharaoh think of us Hebrews?


JOSEPH: He loves me. He welcomes the Hebrews into his land. Bring the entire family, we’ll make a great life here.


Narrator: The Hebrews all moved to Egypt and had many children and lived a successful life. But after many years, after Joseph and his brothers had died, a new Pharaoh rose to power.




Advisor, bring me the latest census report. I want to know all the people who I rule over!




Yes, you’re Royal Highness. I have the numbers here.




Let’s see..Nubians, Midians, yes, very good. Are there really that many Hebrews?




Oh yes, your highness. They are growing in number. They are very strong workers.




Do you think that might be a danger? Perhaps they will challenge my rule – make demands. You know how these workers are always complaining about the size of the rocks for the new Pyramids. I am worried that they will use their strength in numbers to rise up against me!



Yes, you are right, we must do something to break their spirits.




First, let us begin with something small. We’ll get them to make more bricks each day. If that doesn’t work, we’ll eliminate the fifteen-minute breaks. If that doesn’t break them, then maybe we’ll turn to harsher measures.


Narrator: The Hebrew workers struggled to keep up with Pharaoh’s demands.


HEBREW 1: My hands are killing me. And my back, oy! I can’t take this pace.


HEBREW 2: We can make a thousand bricks a day—but two thousand? No team can work that hard! We’ll fall over!


HEBREW 3: Get back to work, the boss is coming!


BOSS: Efficiency, people! We have got to make 900 more bricks by sundown! Come on, let’s work faster!


HEBREW 1: We are working as fast as we can, boss.


BOSS: Listen, smart aleck, I’ve got a lot of pressure on my shoulders. If Pharaoh doesn’t get his bricks, I’m out of a job. I got a family to feed, too, you know. So get back down in the pit and start working!


HEBREW 2: We haven’t had a break all day!


BOSS: And you are not going to get one! Work!


HEBREW 3: You know what, boss; you have become a real pain in the backside!


BOSS: What’d you say?


HEBREW 3: You heard me.


[The BOSS walks over and pushes Hebrew 3 to the ground]


BOSS: Now get back to work before I get really angry!




Meanwhile, Pharaoh’s daughter adopted a young Hebrew child. The child, Moses, was raised with the finest Egypt had to offer.


BAT PHAROAH: Here, sweetheart, eat your honey cakes before your flute lesson.


MOSES: I’m so excited about the party this evening.


BAT PHAROAH: Your new robe looks lovely, dear. I just hope that the Pyramid is finished. Your grandfather has the workers working double time just to get the place finished before the great assembly.


MOSES: I heard that the Hebrews were complaining.


BAT PHAROAH: Complaining? Don’t worry about that. We take care of the needs of all our workers, dear. They are fed, given homes, and we give them a new pair of shoes each year. We are very generous. The only problem is that there are simply too many Hebrews. For that reason, we are cutting down their number. I know that it is sad that we have to kill off their baby boys, but we are really doing it for their own good.


MOSES: I know so little about the world. Someday I’d like to go out of the palace and see how they live.


BAT PHAROAH: They are not clean like us, dear. Especially the Hebrews. They throw garbage on the streets, and the smells are truly horrible.


Narrator: One day Moses decides to sneak out of the palace, and see for himself the plight of the Hebrews.


HEBREW 1: I can’t work, today, I’m sick! And I hurt my arm yesterday lifting stones!


BOSS: I don’t want to hear excuses. This pyramid has got to be finished by Thursday! Today is Wednesday! So get moving!


HEBREW 1: I can’t work. Please, listen to me, have some compassion!


HEBREW 2: Give him a break, boss!


BOSS: Shut up!


HEBREW 3: Don’t get involved!


HEBREW 2: I’m tired of this, boss! My cousin there is hurt. He can’t work today. And he’s not working. So go tell Pharaoh that he’ll have to hire some more workers or this isn’t getting done!


BOSS: Shut up!


[Boss pushes Hebrew 2 to the ground.]


HEBREW 1: Stop it!


BOSS: I’m going to hurt you bad, you whiny Hebrew!


HEBREW 3: Stop! One of Pharaoh’s princes is coming!


MOSES: What is happening?


BOSS: I am going to give this man the beating he deserves, your honor! Watch this!




[Moses hits the Boss, who falls to the ground]


HEBREW 3: Oh no! What did you do to the boss? We’ll be blamed for this! We’ll be punished!


MOSES: What have I done?  What have I done?


Narrator: Moses ran away, far off into the wilderness. Where he is taken in by Yitro, and marries one of Yitro’s daughter’s Zipporah. One day, as Moses is taking care of yitro’s sheep, he stumbles across a burning bush.


GOD: Moses, Moses!


MOSES: Who is that? What is going on? What is happening?


GOD: It is me, the God of your ancestors, Abraham, Issac, and Jacob.


MOSES: You must have the wrong number.


GOD: This is no time for jokes. You must go back to Egypt and stand up to Pharaoh! Then you will lead the people back to their homeland!


MOSES: How will I do that? The people do not know me! I have no power now that I have run away!


GOD: I will be with you. Go to your sister, Miriam, and brother, Aaron, and stand up to Pharaoh!


Narrator: Moses returns to Egypt, with his wife and son, Gershom. Aaron and Moses approach Pharaoh.


PHAROAH: What do you want?


AARON: Our people need a three-day vacation. We need to go outside of the city so that we can pray to God in our own way.


PHAROAH: Why can’t you wait for the festival of the pyramids? Then your people will have a chance to celebrate with everyone.


MOSES: We do not wish to pray to your gods. We have one God, who is mightier than all of your gods.


PHAROAH: You must be joking. The gods have made Egypt a great nation. What has your God done for you?


MOSES: You’ll see what our God can do! And then you’ll give in to our demands!


PHAROAH:  Don’t count on it, Hebrew!


Narrator: Pharaoh was a stubborn man. Even after plagues of blood, frogs, lice, disease, hail, and darkness, he would not let the Hebrews take a day off. It wasn’t until a disease struck and killed the first born of every Egyptian, that the Pharaoh changed his mind.


PHAROAH: Don’t you understand what is happening?


ADVISOR: No, your highness, I don’t know why our gods are not protecting us.


PHAROAH: Everything we did to the Hebrews is now happening to us!!!


ADVISOR: Maybe their God is powerful!


PHAROAH: Tell the police that are surrounding their neighborhood to let them go.


Narrator: That night, Moses, spoke to the people.


MOSES: Put on your sandals, we will not have time to bake the bread for tomorrow! Tonight we will leave Egypt, and set out for a new land! Our children, and our children’s children will remember this night! They will tell the story of how we stood up to Pharaoh, and how God helped us to be free!


AARON: Let all who are hungry come and eat!


Narrator: And thus ends our little play.





-- Ten Plagues
Source : Beth Flusser
The Ten Plagues of Egypt

watercolor and pen on paper
Beth Flusser,  2011

-- Ten Plagues


These are the Ten Plagues which Yahuah brought upon the Egyptians, namely as follows:


When saying the ten plagues, spill from the cup itself ten times, as stated above (and when spilling, again have in mind what was said above). The wine remaining in the cup (will have become 'wine that causes joy,' thus) is not to be spilled, but other wine is added to it [to refill the cup].

Reader 1:


Reader 2:
Wild Beasts.

Reader 3:

Reader 4:
Slaying of the First-born.

-- Cup #2 & Dayenu

Scallions Aren’t Just For Eating: There is a Persian custom of hitting each other with scallions during Dayenu. The scallions represent the whips of our oppressors. Although this may seem a little morbid, young and old alike have a wonderful time violating social norms and slamming each other with green onions. - Rachel Kobrin, My

Singing "Dayenu" is a much-loved tradition at the Passover Seder. We recognize all the things that God gave the Israelites throughout their exodus and journey in the desert, and respond with the phrase "Dayenu," meaning "it would have been enough." But even those who don't believe in a supernatural God can still sing "Dayenu" honestly.

"Dayenu" is a song all about appreciating what we have and what we’ve been given. It is easy to get lost in the great lists of things we don’t have and the demands we are always fighting for. However, we should take stock of what we do have and appreciate those gifts, because it's possible we could have much less or nothing at all.

If I had only one pair of shoes and not two, dayenu!
If I had a tiny apartment and not a house, dayenu!
If I had a only two meals a day to eat and not three, dayenu!

The traditional "Dayenu" recounts everything the Israelites were thankful for as they left Egypt. The message is that just one of these events that led to their freedom, "it would have been enough." We'll only sing a few of the verses, but you can read the translated text of the full song below.


Ilu ho-tsi, ho-tsi-a-nu,
Ho-tsi-anu mi-Mitz-ra-yim
Ho-tsi-anu mi-Mitz-ra-yim
(Had we not been taken out of Egypt, it would've been enough!)

Da-ye-nu Da-ye-nu

Ilu na-tan, na-tan la-nu,
Na-tan la-nu et-ha-Sha-bat,
Na-tan la-nu et-ha-Sha-bat,
(Had we not been given the Sabbath, it would have been enough!)


Ilu na-tan, na-tan la-nu,
Na-tan la-nu et-ha-To-rah,
Na-tan la-nu et-ha-To-rah,
(Had we not been sent the Torah, it would have been enough!)


Had we been taken out of Egypt and not had judgment executed upon the Egyptians, it would've been enough.
Had judgment been executed upon the Egyptians and not upon their idols, it would've been enough.
Had judgment been executed upon their idols, and not their firstborn, it would've been enough.
Had judgment been executed upon their firstborn, and we had not received their wealth, it would've been enough.
Had we received their wealth, and not had the sea split for us, it would've been enough.
Had the sea been split the sea for us, and we had not been led through it to dry land, it would've been enough.
Had we been led to dry land, and our enemies not drowned in the sea behind us, it would've been enough for us.
Had our enemies drowned, and our needs not have been provided for in the desert for 40 years, it would've been enough.
Had we been supported in the desert and not been given bread, it would have been enough.
Had we been given bread and not been given the Sabbath, it would have been enough.
Had we been given the Sabbath and not been brought to Mount Sinai, it would have been enough.
Had we been brought to Mount Sinai and not been sent the Torah, it would have been enough.
Had we been sent the Torah and not been brought to Israel, it would have been enough.
Had we been brought to Israel and not been built the Holy Temple, it would have been enough.





-- Cup #2 & Dayenu


Rabban Gamliel used to say: Whoever does not discuss the following three things on Passover has not fulfilled his duty, namely:

Passover (the Passover-sacrifice),
Matzah (the unleavened bread)
Maror (the bitter herbs).

(Ex 12:8 and Num 9:11)

Reader 1:

Passover - Why do we eat the passover lamb?

As it is written:

"It is a Passover-offering to the L-rd, because He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians with a plague, and He saved our houses. And the people bowed and prostrated themselves."

Reader 2:

Take the broken Matzah into your hand and say:

Matzah - Why do we eat unleavend bread, or Matzah?

As it is written:

"So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders."


"They baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves."

Reader 3:

Take the maror into your hand and say:

Maror - Why do we eat bitter herbs?

As it is written:

"They made their lives bitter with hard service, with mortar and with bricks, and with all manner of service in the field; all their service which they made them serve with rigor."


In every generation a person is obligated to regard himself as if he had come out of Egypt, as it is written: "You shall tell your child on that day, it is because of this that the Lord did for me when I left Egypt."

The Holy One, blessed be He, redeemed not only our fathers from Egypt, but He redeemed also us with them, as it is written: "It was us that He brought out from there, so that He might bring us to give us the land that He swore to our fathers."

Cover the Matzah and raise the cup. The cup is to be held in the hand until the completion of the blessing, "Who Has Redeemed Us..."

Thus it is our duty to thank, to laud, to praise, to glorify, to exalt, to adore, to bless, to elevate and to honor the One who did all these miracles for our fathers and for us. He took us from slavery to freedom, from sorrow to joy, and from mourning to festivity, and from deep darkness to great light and from bondage to redemption. Let us therefore recite before Him Halleluyah, Praise Yahuah!

Reader 4:

Halleluyah - Praise Yahuah! Offer praise, you servants of Yahuah; praise the name of the Yahuah. May Yahuah's name be blessed from now and to all eternity. From the rising of the sun to its setting, Yahuah's  name is praised. Yahuah is high above all nations, His glory is over the heavens. Who is like the Yahuah, our God, who dwells on high yet looks down so low upon heaven and earth! He raises the poor from the dust, He lifts the needy from the dunghill, to seat them with nobles, with the nobles of His people. He restores the barren woman to the house, into a joyful mother of children. Halleluyah - praise Yahuah.

Reader 5:

When Israel went out of Egypt, the House of Jacob from a people of a foreign language, Judah became His holy one, Israel His dominion. The sea saw and fled, the Jordan turned backward. The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like young sheep. What is with you, O sea, that you flee; Jordan, that you turn backward? Mountains, why do you skip like rams; hills, like a pool of water, the flint-stone into a spring of water.

Reader 6:

Blessed are You, Yahuah, our God, King of the universe, who has redeemed us and redeemed our fathers from Egypt, and enabled us to attain this night to eat matzah and maror. So too, Yahuah, our God and God of our fathers, enable us to attain other holidays and festivals that will come to us in peace with happiness in the rebuilding of Your city, and with rejoicing in Your service.

Reader 7:

We look forward to the day of the return of the Messiah, when your temple will be rebuilt and your services will again be performed in the earth. Then we shall eat of the sacrifices and of the Passover-offerings whose blood is a memorial to the sacrifice of your son Yehosuah; and we shall thank You with a new song for our redemption and for the deliverance of our souls. Blessed are You, Yahuah, who redeemed Israel.


Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

Drink the cup in a reclining position (if possible).


It is traditional to wash hands at this time. However, in following the example of our Messiah Yehoshua, who "rose from supper and... began to wash the feet of his disciples, and to wipe them with the apron which was tied around his loins", and who then said, "I have given you this as an example, so that just as I have done to you, you should also do" (John 13:4-15), we will now wash each other's feet.

Everyone choose a partner, take a towel and a basin and take turns washing each other's feet.



Take the three matzot - the broken piece between the two whole ones – and hold them in your hand and recite the following blessing:

Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, hamotzi lechem min ha-aretz.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.

Before eating the matzah, put the bottom matzah back in its place and continue, reciting the following blessing while holding only the top and middle piece of matzah.

Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al achilat matzah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has taught us the way of holiness through commandments, commanding us to eat matzah.

Of this matza our Messiah Yehoshua may have referred to when he said, "Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me." 1 Corinthians 11:24

As we take, this, the bread of affliction, we remember how you, Yehoshua our Messiah, were afflicted.

He drew near and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; he was led as a lamb to the slaughter; and as an ewe before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. Isaiah 53:7

Break the top and middle matzot into pieces and distribute them everyone at the table to eat while, if possible, reclining to the left.



Take a kezayit (the volume of one olive) of the maror. Dip it into the Charoset.


Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al achilat maror.


Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has taught us the way of holiness through commandments, commanding us to eat the bitter herb.

Eat the maror without reclining.



Distribute pieces of the third Matzah.


Take a kezayit (the volume of one olive) of the Chazeret (lettuce) - which is to be dipped into Charoset. Combine the two [like a sandwich], and say the following:

As it is written: "They shall eat it with Matzah and bitter herbs."

Now eat them together -- in the reclining position (if possible).

Shulchan Oreich
Source : Traditional

Shulchan Orech  שֻׁלְחָן עוֹרֵךְ

Now is time to enjoy the festival meal and participate in lively discussion. It is permitted to drink wine between the second and third cups.



As our Messiah Yehoshua was hidden in the tomb before being found again on the third day, so is this, the afikomen, or coming one, hidden and found.

Let the children find the afikomen. [Optional] Negotiate a price  to purchase the afikomen from the finder.

After it is found, take the afikoman and divide it among all the guests at the Seder table.

NOTE: It is customary not to drink or eat anything (except the remaining two ritual cups) after eating the afikoman.


Our messianic hope symbolized in the Afikomen, is to find what is lost, to bring together what is broken and to restore our faith. Everyone who seeks the Messiah, all who lay hold of him by faith receive a reward from the Eternal Father; forgiveness of sin, a relationship with the Father, and eternal life in the resurrection to come. This last item of food we eat at the Passover is our exceedingly great reward.

Blessed are You, eternal Lord our God, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from Your fertile earth. Amen.



As it is written, "When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you."-(Deuteronomy 8:10)

We will fulfill this by a responsive reading of Psalm 103:1-5.


Bless the Lord, O my soul;


And all that is within me, bless His holy name!


Bless the Lord, O my soul


And forget not all His benefits:


Who forgives all your iniquities


Who heals all your diseases,


Who redeems your life from destruction


Who crowns you with lovingkindness and tender mercies,


Who satisfies your mouth with good things


So that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.


Tradionally, the third cup, the cup of redemption, is accociated with our Messiah Yehoshua. He mave been referring to this cup when he said, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood: do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me." (1 Corinthians 11:25)

As we were redeemed from slavery in Egypt by the blood of a lamb, so we were redeemed from the slavery of sin by the blood of our Messiah, Yehoshua.


Refill glasses with wine or grape juice.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

Drink the cup in the reclining position (if possible):



The fourth cup is known as the cup of praise, or Hallel. Yehoshuah and his disciples may have been doing something similar to this traditional time of praise near the end of the seder meal when, after the last supper, they sang a hymn, then went out to the Mount of Olives (Mat 26:30). It is customary to sing selections from the Psalms. We will sing the popular song based on the first verse of Psalm 136.

for accompanyment, see


Verse 1

Hodu l'Adonai ki tov,
Ki le-olam chasdo



Hodu, hodu, hodu, hodu,
Hodu l'Adonai ki tov

Verse 2

Hodu l'Elohei ha Elohim,

Ki le-olam chasdo



Verse 3

Give thanks to the Lord our God,

His mercy endures forever

Give thanks to the Lord and praise His name,

Give thanks to the Lord, He is good

Hodu, hodu, hodu, hodu,
Hodu l'Adonai ki tov

Hodu, hodu, hodu, hodu,
Give thanks to the Lord, He is good

Verse 4

Hodu l'Adonai ha Adonim,

Ki le-olam chasdo


Verse 1

Refill glasses with wine (or grape juice)


Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, Borei pri ha-gafen.


Blessed are You, Adonai our G-d, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine.

Drink the cup.



It is customary to end the passover meal with a singing a prayer that next year, we will eat it in Jerusalem. As followers of Yehoshua, our prayer is that he will speedily return and bring to us the New Jerusalem.

for accompanyment, see


L’shana haba-ah biy’rushalayim

(Repeat x3)

L’shana haba-ah biy’rushalayim habnuyah