God has bestowed many favors upon us.
Had He brought us out of Egypt, and not executed judgments against the Egyptians, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He executed judgments against the Egyptians, and not their gods, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He executed judgments against their gods and not put to death their firstborn, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He put to death their firstborn, and not given us their riches, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He given us their riches, and not split the Sea for us, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He split the Sea for us, and not led us through it on dry land, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He led us through it on dry land, and not sunk our foes in it, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He sunk our foes in it, and not satisfied our needs in the desert for forty years, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He satisfied our needs in the desert for forty years, and not fed us the manna, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He fed us the manna, and not given us the Sabbath, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He given us the Sabbath, and not brought us to Mount Sinai, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He brought us to Mount Sinai, and not given us the Torah, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He given us the Torah, and not brought us into Israel, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Had He brought us into Israel, and not built the Temple for us, It would have been enough – Dayyenu
Obligations of the Holiday
Rabban Gamliel would teach that all those who had not spoken of three things on Passover had not fulfilled their obligation to tell the story, and these three things are:
Point to the shank bone.
The Pesah which our ancestors ate when the Second Temple stood: what is the reason for it? They ate the Pesah because the holy one, Blessed be He “passed over” the houses of our ancestors in Egypt, as it is written in the Torah: “And You shall say, ‘It is the Passover offering for Adonai, who passed over the houses of the Israelites saving us in Mitzrayim but struck the houses of the Egyptians.
Point to the matza.
Matzah - what does it symbolize in the Seder? There was insufficient time for the dough of our ancestors to rise when the holy one, Blessed be He was revealed to us and redeemed us, as it is written in the Torah: “And they baked the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt into matzah – cakes of unleavened bread – which had not risen, for having been driven out of Egypt they could not tarry, and they had made no provisions for themselves.”
Point to the maror.
Why do we eat Maror? For the reason that the Egyptians embitter the lives of our ancestors in Mitzrayim, as the Torah states: “And they embittered their lives with servitude, with mortar and bricks without straw, with every form of slavery in the field and with great torment.”
Comment by MbY: The shank bone or Z'roah as indicated in Isaiah 53 is mystically a TZADIK who has overcome his/her evil inclination in order to become a bridge between this world and the World To Come while yet alive and after death to help others overcome. The matzah did not have time to leaven meaning it was baked without time for gossip, slander or backbiting and the maror or bitter herbs refers mystically to the lashan hara that led to Egyptian exile as explained in the Introduction
Therefore we are obligated, to thank, sing the Hallel, praise, glorify, exalt, honor, bless, elevate and raise our voices for joy to the holy one, Blessed be He, Who performed all these miracles for our ancestors and therefore for us! You brought us from human servitude to freedom, from sorrow to joy, for a time of mourning to a festive day, from deep darkness to great light and from slavery to redemption! In Your presence we renew our singing as in ancient days: Hallel-lu-yah Sing Hallel to God.
Cover the matza and raise the Cup of Redemption until it is drunk.
Therefore it is our duty to thank and praise, pay tribute and glorify, exalt and honor, bless and acclaim the One who performed all these miracles for our fathers and for us. He took us out of slavery into freedom, out of grief into joy, out of mourning into a festival, out of darkness into a great light, out of slavery into redemption. We will recite a new song before Him! Halleluyah!
Halleluyah! Praise, you servants of the Lord, praise the name of the Lord. Blessed be the name of the Lord from this time forth and forever. From the rising of the sun to its setting, the Lord’s name is to be praised. High above all nations is the Lord; above the heavens is His glory. Who is like the Lord our God, who though enthroned on high, looks down upon heaven and earth? He raises the poor man out of the dust and lifts the needy one out of the trash heap, to seat them with nobles, with the nobles of His people. He turns the barren wife into a happy mother of children. Halleluyah!
When Israel went out of Egypt, When the household of Jacob left a people with a strange tongue, Judah became the place from which God’s holiness went forth, Israel became the seat from which the world would know of Gods rule. The sea looked and fled, The Jordan reversed its curse. Mountains skipped like rams and the hills jumped about like young lambs. What is happening that you turn back, O sea, Jordan, why do you reverse your course? Mountains, why do you skip like rams And hills why do you jump like lambs? You are beholding the face of your Creator, Before God, before the God of Jacob, Turning rocks into swirling waters and stone into a flowing spring.
Blessing before drinking Cup of Redemption
Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha’olam, asher g’alanu v’ga’al et avoteinu mimitzrayim, v’higianu lalaylah hazeh le’echol bo matzah umaror. Kein Adonai Eloheinu vEilohei avoteinu yagi’einu l’mo’adim v’lirgalim acheirim haba’im likrateinu l’shalom, s’meichim b’vinyan irecha v’sasim ba’avodatecha. V’nochal sham min hazvachim umin hapsachim asher yagia damam al kir mizbachacha l’ratzon, v’nodeh l’cha shir chadash al g’ulateinu v’al p’dut nafsheinu. Baruch Atah Adonai, ga’al Yisrael.
Blessed are you, Adonai, our God, King of the universe, who has redeemed us and our fathers from Egypt and enabled us to reach this night that we may eat matzo and marror. Lord our God and God of our fathers, enable us to reach also the forthcoming holidays and festivals in peace, rejoicing in the rebuilding of Zion your city, and joyful at your service. There we shall eat of the offerings and Passover sacrifices which will be acceptably placed upon your altar. We shall sing a new hymn of praise to you for our redemption and for our liberation. Praised are you, Adonai, who has redeemed Israel.
Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech haolam, borei p’ri hagafen.
Blessed are you, Adonai, our God, King of the universe, who has created the fruit of the vine.
DRINK THE CUP OF REDEMPTION
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